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RoHS (Restriction of Hazardous Substances)

Extracts from Directive 2002/95/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 January 2003 on the restriction of the use of certain hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment.

The purpose of RoHS is to approximate the laws of the Member States on the restrictions of the use of hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment and to contribute to the protection of human health and the environmentally sound recovery and disposal of waste electrical and electronic equipment.

RoHS has been adopted as good environmental practice by many organizations and is considered necessary to avoid potential non tariff trade barriers.

The RoHS Directive applies to electrical and electronic equipment falling under the categories 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 10 set out in Annex IA to Directive No 2002/96/EC (WEEE) and to electric light bulbs, and luminaries in households.

RoHS does not apply to spare parts for the repair, or to the reuse, of electrical and electronic equipment put on the market before 1 July 2006.

RoHS Definitions

"electrical and electronic equipment" or "EEE" means equipment which is dependent on electric currents or electromagnetic fields in order to work properly and equipment for the generation, transfer and measurement of such currents and fields falling under the categories set out in Annex IA to Directive 2002/96/EC (WEEE) and designed for use with a voltage rating not exceeding 1000 volts for alternating current and 1500 volts for direct current.

"producer" means any person who, irrespective of the selling technique used, including by means of distance communication according to Directive 97/7/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 May 1997 on the protection of consumers in respect of distance contracts (9) manufactures and sells electrical and electronic equipment under his own brand;

(ii) resells under his own brand equipment produced by other suppliers, a reseller not being regarded as the "producer" if the brand of the producer appears on the equipment, as provided for in sub-point (i), or,

(iii) imports or exports electrical and electronic equipment on a professional basis into a Member State.

Whoever exclusively provides financing under or pursuant to any finance agreement shall not be deemed a "producer" unless he also acts as a producer within the meaning of sub-points (i) to (iii).

Prevention

From 1 July 2006, new electrical and electronic equipment put on the market must not contain lead, mercury, cadmium, hexavalent chromium, polybrominated biphenyls (PBB) or polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDE).

Adaptation to scientific and technical progress.

Any amendments which are necessary in order to adapt the Annex to scientific and technical progress for the following purposes shall be adopted in accordance with the procedure referred to in Article 7(2):

(a) Establishing, as necessary, maximum concentration values up to which the presence of the substances referred to in Article 4(1) in specific materials and components of electrical and electronic equipment shall be tolerated;

(b) Exempting materials and components of electrical and electronic equipment from Article 4(1) if their elimination or substitution via design changes or materials and components which do not require any of the materials or substances referred to therein is technically or scientifically impracticable, or where the negative environmental, health and/or consumer safety impacts caused by substitution are likely to outweigh the environmental, health and/or consumer safety benefits thereof;

(c) carrying out a review of each exemption in the Annex at least every four years or four years after an item is added to the list with the aim of considering deletion of materials and components of electrical and electronic equipment from the Annex if their elimination or substitution via design changes or materials and components which do not require any of the materials or substances referred to in Article 4(1) is technically or scientifically possible, provided that the negative environmental, health and/or consumer safety impacts caused by substitution do not outweigh the possible environmental, health and/or consumer safety benefits thereof.

ANNEX

Applications of lead, mercury, cadmium and hexavalent chromium, which are exempted from the requirements of Article 4 (1):

  1. Mercury in compact fluorescent lamps not exceeding 5 mg per lamp,
  2. Mercury in straight fluorescent lamps for general purposes not exceeding,
  3. Mercury in straight fluorescent lamps for special purposes,
  4. Mercury in other lamps not specifically mentioned in this Annex,
  5. Lead in glass of cathode ray tubes, electronic components and fluorescent tubes,
  6. Lead as an alloying element in steel containing up to 0,35 % lead by weight, aluminium containing up to 0,4 % lead by weight and as a copper alloy containing up to 4 % lead by weight,
  7. Lead in high melting temperature type solders (i.e. tin-lead solder alloys containing more than 85% lead):

IECQ QC 08000 - IEC Quality Assessment System For Electronic Components (IECQ)

Electrical and Electronic Components and Products Hazardous Substance Process Management System Requirements (HSPM).

This IECQ document defines the requirements for an effective management system to achieve Hazardous Substance Free (HSF) elctrical or electronic products. QC 08000 is designed to supplement the requirements of ISO 9001:2000.

Certech registration Inc. performs QC08000 audits, either as stand alone or in concert with ISO 9001:2000 or ISO 14001:2004 audits. For more information contact us on info@certechregistration.com for assistance.




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